- News in Vietnam
- 27 September 2021
Developing a model of an industrial park combined with a service city
The model of industrial – urban – service zones, according to Decree 82/2018/ND-CP, aims to contribute to solving the housing problem and providing other social facilities for ten thousands of workers in many industrial areas.
The formation and development of industrial parks (IPs) in Vietnam over the past period is considered to have created favorable conditions to attract a large amount of investment capital for industrial development and socio-economic development. In particular, towards the development of models of industrial zones, economic zones (EZs) combined with service cities are considered to be necessary, contributing positively to the improvement of institutions and improving the business investment environment.
By the end of May 2021, the country will have 394 IPs established, with a total natural land area of about 121.9 thousand hectares.
There are 286 industrial zones in operation with a total natural land area of about 86 thousand hectares, an industrial land area of about 57.3 thousand hectares. And 108 industrial zones are in basic construction with a total natural land area of about 35.9 thousand hectares. The industrial land area is about 23.6 thousand hectares.
However, there are still some shortcomings and limitations in developing industrial and economic zones in recent times. It is a development plan that has not yet clearly shown a strategic vision. In some places, planning and development are not suitable for development needs and investment attraction. It is also not sustainable and balanced economically, socially, and environmentally.
Therefore, “Vietnam needs to develop special preferential policies to ensure effective investment attraction in industrial park development, economic development must go together with socio-political stability and protection of industrial zone environment. There is a need for cohesion and mutual support for many industrial park models, which are developing trends and encouraged by the State, such as ecological industrial zones, urban service industrial zones, etc. In particular, experts, workers, and service users in the IPs must benefit from the service cities associated with the IPs”, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Dinh Tho, Director of the Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment, said.
The industrial – urban – service zones model has specific criteria such as industrial planning must be associated with the development of residential areas, and that must build infrastructure synchronously and modernly to meet the urban process chemical. In which, modern urban regions, with synchronous utility systems to meet the specific needs of high-quality workers such as foreign experts, senior managers, and technicians are beginning to form and develop, are targeted by investors.